Cancer is a cluster of diseases caused mostly by improper splitting of cells. These uncharacteristic cells damage the normal body tissue and usually spread throughout the patient’s body. In other words, cancer is caused by damage to the DNA. Normally, DNA controls the growth of cells but in cancer, the DNA loses control over the cells. The cells keep multiplying in a chaotic way. Rapid multiplication of such cells results in tumors. In some cases, it secretes substances that immensely harmful to other organs of the body.
Difficulty: Moderately Easy
Understand that cancer is of various types. If not treated in the initial stage, it can be fatal.
Find out the weight of the patient at specific intervals. Patients suffering from cancer are likely to lose weight in a short time without any obvious reason.
Find out if the patient has constant fever. Cancer patients are likely to have high temperature as their immune system is weakened by the virus.
Inquire if the patient complains of fatigue or loss of energy.
Note if the patient is suffering from constant pain in particular region of the body. Such complaints need to be immediately handled by a specialist doctor with related tests.
Inquire if the patient is experiencing unusual bleeding or discharge. Blood discharge can be found in phlegm, stools or urine. There can be vaginal bleeding.
Verify if the patient has any lumps on the body. Cancerous lumps can be found in breasts, glands and soft tissues of the body.
Ask if the patient is suffering from prolonged hoarseness. If the hoarseness of the throat lasts for more than 3 weeks, it should be immediately reported to the doctor.
Check the patient for non-healing sores. If a sore fails to heal, it should be brought to a doctor’s notice. For non-healing sores in the mouth and other organs, a doctor should be consulted without delay.